Can diabetes affect your eyes?

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Unfortunately, diabetes can affect your health in numerous ways. One of the ways that diabetes affects your health has to do with the fact it can affect your vision. If you have diabetes, it should be a priority that you make regular visits to a center specializing in primary eye care in Arlington. People who suffer from diabetes are at a higher risk of blindness than people who do not suffer from it. Although this isn’t a reason to panic, as most people with diabetes don’t suffer more than minor eye disorders. However, the best thing to do is to stay on top of it and make sure to address any symptoms to prevent permanent damage.

How does diabetes affect your eyes?

If you have diabetes then you may suffer from high blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels. These high levels of blood glucose can over time lead to damage of the eyes.

Blurry vision

If you have diabetes and notice that your vision has gotten a little blurry, you need to consider that this could be linked. Sometimes, if your blood sugar is high, it can cause your eye’s lens to swell which can cause your vision to become blurry. Getting your blood sugar back into target range should fix this problem, although it can take up to 3 months to get entirely back to normal. Regardless of your own personal diagnosis, if you experience this symptom, you should make an appointment with your eye doctor.


When pressure builds up inside of the eye due to the improper draining of fluids, damage can occur to the nerves and blood vessels which can lead to change in vision. Glaucoma can lead to permanent damage which is why it is so important to see your eye doctor regularly to ensure you catch it early. Because symptoms of glaucoma can take a while to show up, it is more important to not wait until you experience symptoms to go in for an eye checkup. In certain cases of glaucoma, the symptoms include:

  • Eye aches or pain
  • Headaches
  • Blurry vision
  • Watering of the eyes
  • Halos when looking at lights
  • Vision loss

Typically, the most common treatment for glaucoma is prescription eye drops. If there has been damage to the eye, your doctor may want to try surgery or laser treatments to fix it.


There is a lens in your eye that helps you to see and focus in on certain images, comparable to a camera lens. Cataracts cause this lens to become cloudy and leave the lens unable to focus like it is meant to. Some of the symptoms one may experience are glares and blurry vision. If you do have cataracts you will, unfortunately, need surgery to remove them.

Diabetic Retinopathy

The tissue in the back of your eye that is light sensitive is called the retina. A common problem in diabetes sufferers is diabetic retinopathy, which damages the small blood vessels that exist within the retina. If diabetic retinopathy is not treated early on, it can lead to blindness. You may be shocked to learn that in adults ages 20 to 74, the leading cause of blindness is diabetes. The best preventative measure is to make sure you are maintaining your blood sugar levels and keeping them under control.

Your best bet to avoid diabetes-related eye problems is to take good care of yourself, keep your blood sugar levels under control, and most importantly to make sure to see your eye doctor for a full checkup at least annually. When it comes to your vision, you want a doctor that is knowledgeable, and one you can trust. Here at First Eye Care, we can provide you with just that. If you have any questions we would be happy to help answer them. Contact us today for an appointment.

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